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The Music Database

Simple Macros

INTRODUCTION TO MACROS - A Simple Menu Hierarchy

In this exercise, you will create a simple one level menu system that uses as its child forms three copies of the same form behaving differently to allow add/view/modify facilities easily.

Go to the Macro section of the Database Window and select New and you are presented with the macro builder window.

Set the following sequence ACTIONS, ARGUMENTS and COMMENTS():

macro recording

  • ECHO = No
  • HOURGLASS = Yes
  • CLOSE = form, MainMenu
  • OPENFORM = AllAlbums, View=form, Datamode= ReadOnly, WhereCondition: media =
  • 'cd', then Save the macro as SeeCDs

Go to the FILE menu and Save As (a second copy of the macro to save time creating a similar command sequence) and save as EditLPs, change the WhereCondition to media = 'lp', and DataMode = Edit, then SAVE the finished second macro.

Go to the FILE menu and Save As (a third copy of the macro to save time creating a similar command sequence) and save as AddNew, delete the WhereCondition, change the DataMode = Add, then SAVE the finished third macro.

Close the macro builder screen - you should notice that there are 3 macros saved into your database container.

To construct the menu screen to run these macros, firstly select New Form then Blank Form from the Form Window but don't elect to use a table as the basis of the form.

a menu with macros behind each button

Notice in the form , the title text is in a clear indented rectangle, there is a background unbound bitmap and 4 command buttons. The first three command buttons have actions categorized as Miscellaneous, which are RunMacro operations with text button faces, the fourth button is a Form Operation button that closes the current form (Incidentally, opening the properties sheet of the STOP button shows that the ON CLICK property is an [Event Procedure] and is editable only in Access Basic).

Open the MainMenu form properties, change the CAPTION to The Music Database; Set the DEFAULT VIEW: Single Form; SCROLL BARS: Neither; Max&Min Buttons:No and RECORD SELECTORS: No.

Switch to FORM VIEW and position and resize the form so there is no whitespace visible on the form and you are happy with its placement, then switch back to DESIGN VIEW and without further modification SAVE the form - doing this will ensure that the form launches in the same place and the same size each time it is used. This trick of viewing the form in FORM VIEW, then switching to DESIGN VIEW and saving will allow you to edit your form later also.

It is feasible to extend this hierarcy to provide greater functionality and complexity. As system development progresses it is often necessary to successively provide options - by using the MSGBOX macro, it is possible to alert users to unfininshed STUBS of the menu tree, which can be completed and tested separately before inclusion in a growing system.

MsgBox macro

 

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