IPT - A Virtual Approach IPT A Virtual Approach by Peter Whitehouse
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Console Applications

Text-based programming
in Lazarus

Console Applications in Lazarus

A console application is one that interacts primitively with a text screen (80 characters wide x 25 lines high). Console apps are one-window, text-based programs that use white text on a black background.

To create a console application, firstly Launch Lazarus, then from the PROJECT menu REMOVE FROM PROJECT the default Unit1 file, then OK.

From the VIEW menu, select UNITS, and from the list, choose PROJECT1 (which is the project file for this application):

From the FILE menu, select SAVE PROJECT AS and nominate a folder and project name such as "HelloWorld" and OK that. Remember that Lazarus owns the project and the project name, so you have to let it change it for you during the save as process:

To nominate the project as a CONSOLE application, you need to include a compiler directive that tells it so:

When you compile your program it will generate an .EXE file that can then be run outside of Lazarus.

In the above example, you will notice it ends with a readln. One of the peculiarities of a Console application is that when it has stopped running, the DOS window it opened for the output and input of this application is automatically closed - this is a pain if you actually want to read the stuff in that window.

When the readln is encountered, you application waits for you to press the ENTER key before terminating and closing the window:

Unfortunately, many of the nice things that conventional Pascal uses to manage the text screen (like clrscr, keypressed, gotoxy and so on are not available in a console-based application - it does, however, provide a way of running most other conventional pascal code.

 

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